The founders of the brand name are considered to be Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford who in 1914 built lightweight sports car with a 1.4-liter Coventry-Simples engine mounted on the chassis of a passenger car of Italian Isotta Fraschini at Kensington, a district of London. A year before Martin won the local race on the hill of Aston Clinton using the Zinger-10 car and in memory of this event a new car was called the Aston Martin.
At the end of 1919, a second model of Aston Martin was designed and its production began only in January 1920 in the new shop on Abington Road, one of the streets of London.
Aston Martin cars are constantly involved in racing, thanks to which the company gained a sporty and technical experience. In the race of 1924 at Monza, Count Louis Zborowski died in a motor accident. He had provided a huge financial assistance to the company and as a result the company which stood on the brink of bankruptcy was bought at 6000 pounds by engineer Renwick. The basis for all subsequent Aston Martin cars up to 1936 was a new 1.5-liter engine with overhead camshaft, which has been developed by Renwick and his companion the Italian Cesare Augusto Bertelli.
In 1939 the chief engineer Claude Hill has created a car Atom, which was the beginning of the history of DB car series. Atom created a furor at the Motor Show in London In 1940. But the war has brought about changes.
Englishman David Brow the owner of a large industrial company for the production of tractors and agricultural machinery bought the company of Aston Martin In 1947
and in 1948, based on the Atom model there comes the first DB. The Lagonda brand also got into the hands of Brown as his property, so it gave its engine to Aston Martin. A total of 15 cars of Aston Martin-Lagonda DB1 have been produced.
In 1950, the debut of DB-2 with a 2.6 liter engine 105 hp took place which then successfully participated in many competitions for cars of 3-liter class.
In 1959, Aston Martin presented DB4 with an aluminum six-cylinder engine with displacement of 3.7 L with two overhead camshafts and 240 h.p. developed by designer Tadek Marek. Updated lightweight coupe body had a more elegant and attractive form. It was the most successful car category of "Gran Turismo" of British cars. The impressive four-DBS model can reach speed of 257 km/h.
In 1959, DB-R3 car won the 24-hour race at Le Mans.
In 1963 it was announced the launch of the new DB5, which differed from its predecessor only by increased engine displacement up to 4 liters. And capacity of 282 hp.
Followed the Aston Martin DB5 in the 1965 325-strong DB6 was outwardly similar to all of its twin predecessors, but could accommodate 4 people. He belonged to the upper class and was able to compete with other prestigious models. More powerful models of DBS and DBS Vantage with 6-cylinder engine based on it were born In the late 60s. Later there was added the car with an aluminum V8 engine of 5340 cc displacement and the power from 340 to 450 hp.
The year of 1972 became a new turn in the history of Aston Martin: David Brow sold it to «Company Development Ltd», which put an end to the customary designation of DB. During this period, the company assembled small quantity series sports cars designated as Vantage for coupe and Volante for convertible. All are offered in the most expensive versions of the same 5.3-liter V8 engine 340-390 hp. They were equipped with the first direct-injection system and the American automatic transmissions. Since 1976, there was produced in small series one of the most extravagant cars in the world Aston Martin Lagonda of top class with an elongated tapered hood, under which there was the already known the "eight" of the 390 hp with automatic Chrysler gear box. This car was too expensive for ordinary citizens, but in the Middle East Lagonda enjoyed great popularity. For example, one of its owners was Prince and Princess of Saudi Arabia.
With the advent of the 80's the financial situation of Aston Martin deteriorated. During the seven years it was outbid several times by the British and American industrial and financial groups, but this has not led to significant changes in the company. The relative stabilization occurred only in 1987, when another owner Aston Martin has become an American concern «Ford Motor Company» which has bought 75% shares of the company.
In 1988, the main range of models produced by Vantage and Volante convertible was added with a new Virage, combining the spirit of past models, coupled with ultra-modern design and great new chassis.
In the 90s under the tutelage of Ford the economic situation of Aston Martin has improved. In 1993, the audience was presented new sports DB7. This model is one of the best cars of the company. Model of Virage, Volante and Vantage with a substantially revised V8 engine with four valves per cylinder and bulk blowers, which allowed raising its capacity to 557 hp were still valid in the 90s.
The new model of DB7 became successful project of Aston Martin at Auto Show in Detroit in 1998. His own contribution into the creation of the car of the next millennium which was named Dream Choice was made by designer Ian Callum.
Vantage Aston Martin DB7 the new brainchild of British designers was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 1999 -. This was one more dream-car of DB7 series model. The design of the new DB7 Vantage was also carried out by Ian Callum.
«Ford» - the U.S. auto giant and the owner of Aston Martin - officially presented the model of V12 Vanquish In 2000, which is due to a new and more powerful engine and the use of lightweight materials had tremendous driving characteristics.
In 2001 the company announced the release of four thousandth car of Aston Martin DB7model. It became the convertible Vantage, painted in gray-green color Galloway Green.
It is worth mentioning that the elite Aston Martin cars are still assembled in the four small garages, near the town of Newport-Pegnel in central England. This plant had never got to learn what a conveyor was or what the division of labor according to Ford was.