The company was incorporated in 1919 founded by Andres Citroen, the owner of the factory for production of components and mechanisms of chevron gears which has been a technological innovation at that point in time. The first car, Type A was sold at 7950 franks – a ridiculous amount in 1919. Still this model was to become the first in Europe equipped with an electric starter and a light. Type A car made the speed of 60 km/h.
Orientated to manufacture cheap and low maintenance motor cars, the company hit the target with the second try after having issued a very simple model 5CV. This was the 4-cylinder mini-car without front brakes, with elliptic springs fore and aft. It had been a reliable car adopted for running over rural roads. In 1921 Citroen started production of taxi motor cars and 10 years later almost 90 % of the taxi-motor fleet of Paris consisted of «Citroen» cars.
In 1948 Citroen made its famous model 2CV. France is treating this car as a symbol of the post-war revival. Model DS 19 yielded in 1955 is also rather interesting. The car appeared designed in purely French manner of that time: without the radiator front grill, with absolutely smooth bonnet and the broken lines of the body.
The end of the fifties and the sixties were not much favorable to the company – the control of the company has been lost and after a number of consolidations with a number of other companies Citroen finally merged with «Peugeot».
Citroen may be considered as the most extravagant passenger car in Europe. The car body design which might seem different with different Citroen models at the first glance is in fact unified by the general corporate style.
Citroen passenger cars have always been occupying a rightful place in the automotive world. Probably this is what has been a dream of Andres Citroen a famous engineer who had actually laid the groundwork for automotive industry of France.