American automotive company manufacturing passenger cars of Ford, Mercury, Lincoln brands, etc, trucks and various farming machines. The concern also owns the companies of Jaguar, Mazda and Land Rover.
Henry Ford founded the company «Ford Motor Company» in 1903. The subsidiary company in Great Britain was opened in 1911 and the assembly shop has been built. Ford Motor Company made a great number of innovations in motor car industry. Thus the conveyor line assembly in an automotive factory has been introduced for the first time ever in the world by Ford in 1913.
By end of 1913 «Ford Motor Company» was manufacturing half of all of American cars. To satisfy high demand for his cars Ford introduced mass car production at all of his factories. He had fairly supposed that if a worker stays at one and the same place all the working time and performs one and the same operation, then a car shall be assembled at shorter time and manpower working hours shall reduce.
International Jury consisting of 126 automobile reporters in the year 2000 having summarized the results of an unprecedented competition «Automobile of the century» had chosen legendary Ford T. (Tin Lizzie) as the best car ever in the world. This model became the first car the assembly of which had been organized and carried out with the use of conveyor line in mass serial quantity.
The new method allowed starting mass serial manufacture of passenger cars and to improve their quality and considerably reduce self-cost. It was just the conveyor assembly method that made a car the means of transportation available for everyone. The first truly serial manufactured among the serial cars became Ford model.
Today Ford has its own production, assembly and trade centers in 30 countries all over the world (including Russia). The company produces millions of passenger cars, trucks and tractors. It occupies the honored second place among the big three of American business tycoons.